Today I explain how to generate some random background with javascript!

Functions

In order to be more efficient I choose to write some Functions.

backgrounds()

We need a function which return a list of link (or filename) to use as background.

/**
 * Return a list of URL
 */
function backgrounds() {
    // We create a variable
    var imageURLs = [
        // We assign in an array the list of URL/filename we want as background
        "https://wallpapers.wallhaven.cc/wallpapers/full/wallhaven-301322.jpg",
        "https://wallpapers.wallhaven.cc/wallpapers/full/wallhaven-103541.jpg",
        "https://wallpapers.wallhaven.cc/wallpapers/full/wallhaven-279000.jpg",
        "https://wallpapers.wallhaven.cc/wallpapers/full/wallhaven-106689.jpg",
        "https://wallpapers.wallhaven.cc/wallpapers/full/wallhaven-365847.jpg",
        "https://wallpapers.wallhaven.cc/wallpapers/full/wallhaven-284161.jpg"
    ];

    // We return the created variable
    return imageURLs;
}

randomNumber()

We need a function that return a random in range [0-x] where x is the length of backgrounds().

/**
 * Return a random number in range [0-x] where x is the length of backgrounds
 * @param {int} max
 * @returns {int}
 */
function randomNumber(max) {
    return Math.floor((Math.random() * max));
}

 getBackground()

We need a function that return a background from backgrounds() with randomNumber() as index.

/**
 * Get a random url from backgrounds
 * @returns {str}
 */
function getBackground() {
    var numberOfImages = backgrounds().length,
        uniqueNumber = randomNumber(numberOfImages);
    return backgrounds()[uniqueNumber];
}

showBackground()

we need a function that return a well formatted css for the background.

/**
 * show background on screen
 * @returns {DOM}
 */
function showBackground() {
    document.body.style.backgroundImage = "url('" + getBackground() + "')";
    document.body.style.backgroundPosition = "center center";
    document.body.style.backgroundRepeat = "no-repeat";
    document.body.style.backgroundAttachment = "fixed";
}

Load all on page loading

// On load, we show the background on screen
window.onload = showBackground();

Final script

Known issue

This script doesn't work on safari.